Ningbo Chin-Mo Import & Export Co., Ltd.

L-Histidine

L-Histidine
Product Detailed

L-Histidine
Molecule Formula: C6H9N3O2
Molecule Weight: 155.16
Manufacture Standards: AJI92

L-Histidine

Indications and Usage
Histidine (abbreviated as His or H) Histidine, an essential amino acid, has as a positively charged imidazole functional group. It is the one of the 22 proteinogenic amino acids. Its codons are CAU and CAC. Histidine was first isolated by German physician Albrecht Kossel in 1896. Histidine is an essential amino acid in humans and other mammals. It was initially thought that it was only essential for infants, but longer term studies established it is also essential for adult humans.

 

The imidazole sidechain of histidine has a pKa of approximately 6.0, and, overall, the amino acid has a pKa of 6.5. This means that, at physiologically relevant pH values, relatively small shifts in pH will change its average charge. Below a pH of 6, the imidazole ring is mostly protonated as described by the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation. When protonated, the imidazole ring bears two NH bonds and has a positive charge. The positive charge is equally distributed between both nitrogens and can be represented with two equally important resonance structures.

 

The imidazole sidechain of histidine is a common coordinating ligand in metalloproteins and is a part of catalytic sites in certain enzymes. In catalytic triads, the basic nitrogen of histidine is used to abstract a proton from serine, threonine, or cysteine to activate it as a nucleophile. In a histidine proton shuttle, histidine is used to quickly shuttle protons, it can do this by abstracting a proton with its basic nitrogen to make a positively-charged intermediate and then use another molecule, a buffer, to extract the proton from its acidic nitrogen. In carbonic anhydrases, a histidine proton shuttle is utilized to rapidly shuttle protons away from a zinc-bound water molecule to quickly regenerate the active form of the enzyme.

 

Package
25kg/drum, double layers plastic bags inside.

 

Storage Situation
Stored in a cool and dry well-closed container. Keep away from moisture and strong light/heat.

 



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